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Analytical summary - Neglected tropical diseases

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Neglected tropical diseases place an unacceptable burden on the health of the poorest people in Zambia. The main Neglected Tropical Diseases that are common in the country include schistosomiasis, lymphatic filariasis, human African trypanosomiasis, soil transmitted helminthes and trachoma.

Schistosomiasis (Bilharzia) is prevalent in rural districts especially those close to the Lakes and rivers, with close to 2 million people infected in Zambia. Infections with soil transmitted helminths (hookworm, Ascaris and whip worm) are also common throughout the country.

Other endemic NTDs include Lymphatic Filariasis (elephantiasis) with prevalence rates ranging between 1% and 25% of the circulating Filarial antigen, Trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness) in Mpika, Chama, Chipata and Katete, and Trachoma in the southern and western provinces of Zambia. For the lallet, five districts were surveyed and the prevalence rates ranged between 14.3% of TF in Sinazongwe to 32.7 in Kaoma (MoH trachoma survey report 2007).