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Analytical summary - HIV/AIDS

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Zambia is among the countries that are most affected by the HIV and AIDS epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa. The epidemic is generalized and cuts across gender, age, geographical, and socio-economic status of the population. In view of the foregoing, HIV and AIDS form part of the national health priorities.

Over the past 10 years, the country has intensified the fight against HIV and AIDS, through introduction and scaling of high impact interventions in prevention, treatment and care. The main objective is to halt and begin to reduce the spread of HIV/AIDS and STIs, by increasing access to quality interventions. Both the objective and targets are aligned to the MDGs.

Further, in line with the UNAIDS/WHO “Universal Access” goal, Zambia is on track towards reducing new HIV infections in children by 50% by the end of 2010. The country has also adopted the goal of “ virtual elimination of paediatric HIV transmission by 2010”. In this respect, MOH and its Partners intend to achieve this by reducing the rate of transmission via Mother to Child Transmission (MTCT) to less than 5%, through further scaling up of Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT).