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Analytical summary - General country health policies

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The Ministry of Health promulgated a National Health Policy, 2007 in pursuit of the health sector vision. The vision of the sector is that by 2015, the sector shall have developed an efficient and effective system that will contribute to a healthy population that lives longer and has socially fulfilling lives.

The policy addresses seven thematic areas namely, organization and management, coordination, human resources, quality assurance, health financing, infrastructure development and equipment maintenance and service provision (public health and clinical services). The policy is being implemented through the National Health Strategic Plan 2008 -2013.

The national health sector strategic plan is linked to the PRSAP. This linkage turns the PRSAP into concrete MDG-based long-term results-oriented health plan. The essence of the national health sector strategic plan is to reposition the health sector to capitalise on its strategic competencies and redefine its approach to improving quality of health care.

Although there are thematic and/or programme specific policies they are all aimed to enhance the implementation of the National Health policy and strategic plan. Policy formulation in the country is mainly driven by the epidemiological profile and other eminent health problems.

Another notable policy in the health sector is the National Multi-sectorial HIV and AIDS Policy 2006 which is an all-encompassing policy for addressing HIV/AIDS issues in the country. In 2006, HIV and AIDS decentralized coordinating structures were established in line with the National Decentralisation Policy of 2005. Following various medium term HIV and AIDS plans a National Strategic Planning Framework (NSF) 2009 -2014 was developed.

The purpose of the NSF is to guide the implementation of a multi-sectorial, relevant, comprehensive and effective HIV and AIDS response. The implementation of NSF will contribute to specific measurable and important impact, outcome and output levels results as outlined in the results framework. The NSF thematic and programme areas are mainly prevention, treatment, care and support, impact mitigation and response management.