MDG Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
Child mortality is particularly high in South
Sudan. Under-five mortality rate was 135 per
1000 in 2006 (SHHS-2006). As per the SHHS,
2010, the rate was estimated at 105 per 1,000
against tuberculosis (BCG) at birth or first contact, three doses each of the DPT and polio vaccines (given at 6, 10 and 14 weeks) to protect against diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus and polio, and a measles vaccination given at or soon after reaching 9 months of age.
According to the SHHS, 2006, 17.3% of the
children were fully immunized, that is, the
percentage of children aged 12-23 months who
have received BCG, DPT 1-3, OPV1-3 and
Figure 4.4 above shows the proportion of 1 year old children immunized against diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis (DPT3) taking an upward trend from 10% in 2004 to over 40% in 2009. Although Figure 4.5 shows the dropout rate of DPT1 to DPT3 as decreasing, it is still worrying due to the high levels of the initial dropout rate at 56% in 2004 and the slow pace of the decrease, from 56% in 2004 down to 39% in 2009. Dropout rates for DPT3 could also signal eminent dropout in other immunizations such as polio. At the national level, only 26.3% were immunized against measles (SHHS, 2010).