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The National Malaria Control Programme has the mandate to plan, implement and coordinate malaria control activities in Liberia. Despite tremendous progress to reduce malaria-related morbidity and mortality, malaria remains a major public health problem. Though the disease is preventable and curable, it takes its greatest toll on young children and pregnant women.

In an effort to reduce the malaria burden, the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare introduced a policy and strategic plan for malaria control and prevention. The measures laid out in the National Malaria Strategic Plan 2010–2015 attempt to fulfil the objective of reducing malaria morbidity and mortality by 50% by the year 2010 as set out by the Roll Back Malaria Partnership and WHO.

This section of the Malaria profile is structured as follows:


Analytical summary

Malaria remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Liberia, with 38% of outpatient attendance and 42% of inpatient deaths attributable to malaria.[1] However, malaria prevalence in children aged under 5 years has been significantly reduced from 66% to 32% since 2005.[2]

In 2010, out of a total curative consultation of 3 132 073, malaria contributed 1 265 268 cases. It also accounted for 40.4% of total outpatient consultations (Table 1), which is an increase from 38% in 2009.[3]

Table 1. Reported malaria cases by county, 2010. U-5, children aged under 5 years[3]

A total of 1 265 268 cases of malaria were diagnosed in 2010, with children aged under 5 years represented 38.3% of cases; children 5 years and above accounting for 55.3%, and pregnant women accounting for 6.4%.[3] Approximately 79% of the total cases of malaria diagnosed were treated with artemisinin-based combination therapy.

Distribution of insecticide-treated bednets to prevent malaria has helped to reduce the prevalence and incidence of malaria in Liberia. From 2007 to 2010, approximately 4 million nets were distributed to households with children aged under 5 years, pregnant women and lactating mothers. In 2007, 655 860 insecticide-treated bednets were distributed, compared with 1 221 700 in 2009 and 883 400 in 2010.

Disease burden

Intervention policies and strategies

Implementing malaria control

Financing malaria control

State of surveillance

Impact of malaria control interventions

Endnotes:References, sources, methods, abbreviations, etc.

  1. Liberia health facility survey, 2009. Monrovia, Government of Liberia, Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, 2009
  2. Liberia malaria indicator survey, 2009 (pdf 1.04Mb). Monrovia, Government of Liberia, Ministry of Health and Social Welfare and Liberia Institute of Statistics and Geo-Information Services; and ICF Macro, Calverton, Maryland, 2009
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Annual report. Monrovia, Government of Liberia, Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, 2010]