Analytical summary - Maternal and newborn health
The maternal mortality ratio in Ethiopia is 676 per 100 000 live births, which is one of the highest in the world and is mainly a result of lack of access to health care, and socioeconomic and demographic factors. This maternal mortality rate remains a major public health challenge facing the country. Every year, 22 000 women and girls die during childbirth or as a result of complications of childbirth.
The lifetime risk of a woman dying during pregnancy or childbirth is 1 in 27. In addition, more than half a million women suffer from pregnancy-related disabilities. Obstetric fistula, a pregnancy-related disability, affects nearly 9000 women each year. For sociocultural reasons, the magnitude of the disability is significantly higher in rural areas where there is a strong tradition for young women to be married at a very early age.
In 2010, the number of HIV-positive pregnant women was estimated at 90 311, with 14 276 HIV-positive births.
With 83.6% of the population living in rural area, correspondingly 90% of total national births occur in rural areas.
There is a 3.1% teenage pregnancy rate in rural areas, while in urban areas the rate is 0.6%. By age, the highest rate of teenage pregnancy was reported at the age of 19 years.
Although there are significant variations among regions and education level of mothers, overall 29% of currently married women use family planning methods. The contraceptive prevalence rate has more than doubled in rural areas within the past 5 years, whereas the increase in urban areas is only 6%.
Antenatal care coverage for at least one visit is 28% but coverage for at least four visits declines to 12%. Postnatal care coverage reached 42.1%. Births by caesarean section are 1%; however, more than 90% of women in need of caesarean section do not have access to health services. Only 6% of birth are attended by skilled health personnel. The proportion of pregnant women counselled and tested for prevention of mother-to-child transmission was 66% and the proportion of deliveries of HIV-positive women who received a full of course of antiretroviral therapy was 24.6% in 2011.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Health Sector Development Program IV. Annual performance report. Addis Ababa, Government of Ethiopia, Ministry of Health, 2010
- ↑ President's Malaria Initiative, 2011
- ↑ Health Sector Development Program IV. Annual performance report. Addis Ababa, Government of Ethiopia, Ministry of Health, 2011