Disease burden - Immunization and vaccines development
- Vaccine-preventable diseases
during the years 2005 and 2006, vaccine-preventable diseases were due to improved immunization coverage, reduced prevalence rates low. Although real efforts have been made in improving immunization coverage, these rates conceal disparities from one department to another and even within the same department. Similarly, the goal of achieving an immunization coverage rate equal to 80% by antigen in each constituency and social health is far from being reached.
- Measles . Since 2005, a decline in the incidence of the disease is observed. The regression results from the combined effects of routine immunization activities and immunization campaigns conducted in 2005. Thus, the vaccination coverage against measles increased from 55.6% in 2005 to 63.3% in 2006. In 2006, 183 measles cases were reported across the country including 5 deaths (see Report DLM 2006).
- Polio . As part of the implementation of the polio eradication initiative, active surveillance of pools Paralysis (AFP) has notified 86 of 23 cases expected in 2006. It should be noted that no cases of wild poliovirus have been reported in Congo since 2001.
- Maternal and neonatal tetanus . From 2005 to 2006, the number of cases of maternal and neonatal tetanus (TNM) is increased from 12 to 2 cases (Pool 1cas; Likouala 1cas) (see Report DLM 2006).
- Yellow fever . In 2006, 99 cases were reported with 2 deaths (see Report DLM 2006). Note that since the introduction of the vaccine against yellow fever, regression of the disease is evident in hospital.
- Meningitis . In 2006, a total of 163 cases including 27 deaths from bacterial meningitis were recorded in health facilities (see Report DLM 2006). Despite what the cerebro-spinal meningitis is one of eight epidemic-prone diseases, surveillance is not yet organized. The laboratories of several hospitals in CSS do not always laboratory technicians with appropriate training. The technical, reagents and consumables required are also lacking.