Disease burden - Malaria
Of all WHO regions, the African Region is most severely affected by malaria. It accounted for 85% of the estimated 243 million malaria episodes and 89% of the malaria deaths worldwide in 2008. On average, malaria accounts for 25%–45% of all outpatient clinic attendance, and between 20% and 45% of all hospital admissions. Furthermore, it is estimated that malaria represents 17% of the mortality rate of children aged under 5 years in the Region.