AIDS: Africa shows tremendous progress
In the month that we mark World AIDS Day 2013, the African Health Observatory (AHO) highlights the progress made by African countries in the fight against AIDS.
According to AHO and World Health Organization (WHO) data, the prevalence of HIV among adults aged 15 to 49 years is still high: it was 4.6% in the WHO African Region in 2011, compared with the global rate of 0.8%. But the number of new infections and HIV/AIDS-related deaths has decreased since 2001 across the Region overall.
Unprecedented improvements in the care and treatment of people living with HIV/AIDS and better information and communication are among the reasons for this success. The mortality rate across the Region decreased from 219 to 139 per 100 000 population between 2001 and 2011, compared with a global reduction of 31 to 25.
National commitment and action
At country level, policy decisions were taken and guidelines developed to assist the health sector in responding to the call for universal access to HIV prevention, care and treatment. The most recent data indicate that, by the end of 2008, 44 countries in the Region had a national policy on antiretroviral therapy (ART), 37 countries had a policy on the prevention of mother-to-child transmission and 38 had a policy on HIV testing and counselling.
By the end of 2011, across the Region 57% of people with HIV/AIDS in need of treatment were receiving ART. Twenty-two countries had more than 50% ART coverage by 2010. Among these, five countries (Botswana, Namibia, Rwanda, Swaziland and Zambia) had reached the universal access target of 80% coverage. A greater percentage of people with advanced HIV infection were receiving ART in Africa than in any other WHO Region, except the Americas.
There has also been a significant increase in the expansion of treatment facilities. In 2009, a total of 8278 facilities providing ART services were reported in 42 countries ─ a 37% increase in one year.
To know more about HIV trends in the countries of the Region visit the AHO Atlas of African Health Statistics 2012
Data and statistics platform
AHO provides you with a data and statistics platform, which allows for data download, processing and analysis, or access to statistics from the AHO database. On “Specific Programmes and Services / HIV/AIDS” sections you can find a wide range of indicators useful to understand the HIV infection situation in Africa and the countries across the Region
[[Data and statistics platform]]